The European Union, recently announced it was funding a $1.3 billion project to build a human brain on a silicon substrate. That’s about 1 1/2 cents per neuron. Swiss neuroscientist Henry Markham, who is behind the Human Brain Project, has already started work on building a simulated rat brain
At the same time, getting machines to think more like humans is also progressing. Especially in the realm of human-computer interfaces. Especially in the realm of human-computer interfaces. Researchers are figuring out ways for victims of paralysis to control their artificial hands with brainwaves or even walk with exoskeletons.
Discovery News Article
Mind uploading, is the hypothetical process of transferring or copying a conscious mind from a brain to a non-biological substrate by scanning and mapping a biological brain in detail and copying its state into a computer system or another computational device. The computer would have to run a simulation model so faithful to the original that it would behave in essentially the same way as the original brain. Alternatively, the simulated mind could be assumed to reside in a computer inside or connected to a humanoid robot or a biological body, replacing its brain.
Neuroscientist Kenneth Hayworth, 41, recently of Harvard and a veteran of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory( AKA: Jack Pasons Laboratory), believes that he can live forever, “The human race is on a beeline to mind uploading: We will preserve a brain, slice it up, simulate it on a computer, and hook it up to a robot body.” Hayworth wants his 100 billion neurons and more than 100 trillion synapses to be encased in a block of transparent, amber-colored resin—before he dies of natural causes. Why? Because Hayworth believes that he can live forever.
“If your body stops functioning, it starts to eat itself,” Hayworth says, “so you have to shut down the enzymes that destroy the tissue.” If all goes according to plan, I’ll be a perfect fossil.” Then one day, not too long from now, his consciousness will be revived on a computer. By 2110, Hayworth predicts, mind uploading—the transfer of a biological brain to a silicon-based operating system—will be as common as laser eye surgery is today.Haysworth is pioneering the field of connectomics –a new branch of neuroscience. A connectome is a complete map of a brain’s neural circuitry. Some scientists “believe that human connectomes will one day explain consciousness, memory, emotion, even diseases like autism, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s—the cures for which might be akin to repairing a wiring error.
Mind uploading, already a Reality:
Original article here